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Coaching: Terms - Terms
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Aggregate
Aggregate refers to the total number of runs made, catches taken or dismissals completed by a player during a season or career.

Agricultural Shot
A batting stroke that is anything other than standard or textbook.

All Rounder
An All Rounder refers to a player who is good at both forms of the games aspects batting and bowling. In the modern game fielding and wicket keeping can also make a player an All Rounder.

Appeal
A plea made to the umpire by the bowler/fielding side when they believe a batsman should be given out, the umpire then has to decide whether a batsman has been dismissed or not.

Arm
Used to describe the accuracy and strength of a fielder who is very good at returning a ball from the outfield. IE: The player may be described as having a good "arm".

Arm Ball
A ball delivered by a spin bowler that swings in the direction of the follow through delivery arm.

Armguard
The Armguard is a piece of protective padding located on the batsman's front forearm.

Artificial Pitch
A pitch with a man-made surface, this could be an area covered with matting or constructed from synthetic turf for example.

Ashes
A small wooden urn containing the ashes of a burnt bail from the 1882 Australia v England test series. The urn is representative of the "death" of cricket, said to have occurred as a result of an Australian victory in the 1882 match. The Ashes, have since become a prized trophy contested every 2 years in the Ashes series played between Australia and England.

Attack (Bowling)
Refers to the available (and variety) bowlers at the disposal of the fielding captain.

Average
The total figure reached by calculation of a batsman's run scoring performance measured against the number of times dismissed, or in a bowler's performance measure against the number of runs conceded as compared to the number of wickets taken.

Away Swinger
Also known as the out swinger. A ball moving from the line of the stumps at the bowlers end, towards the slips area.

Back Foot
Refers to the movement of the batsman who has placed their centre of gravity onto the back foot. Usually occurring as a result of a rising delivery. Generally a defensive batting technique, but occasionally used to attack the ball, with shots like the hook and pull.

Back Up
Refers to the batsman at the bowling end who leaves his crease after the bowler has released the ball in preparation for making a run.

Baggy Green
The name given to the Cap worn by the Australian players. It refers to the baggy, oversized appearance of the cap, the colour of which is dark green.

Bails
The two small pieces of moulded timber, which sit at the top of the stumps.

Ball
Consisting of a leather case with a cork interior.

Bat
The implement used by the batsman to strike the ball and defend his wicket. Manufactured from timber, with a preference given by bat makers to willow. Bats come in a assortment of weights and sizes to suit the individual batsman.

Bat-Pad
Refers to a close in fieldsman who is waiting for a ball that after striking the bat, comes off the pad and rises into the air.

Batsman
A player who uses a bat to hit, edge, snick or guide the ball after it has been bowled, for the purpose of scoring runs during a match or game.

Batsman's Paradise
Refers to a pitch that will clearly favour the batting side.

Batting
The process of using the bat for the making of runs or defending the wicket.

Batting Crease
Also known as the Popping crease, this term refers to the line located 48 inches in front of the stumps and denotes the batsman's safe ground. If a batsman is within his batting crease, he cannot be stumped or run out.

Beamer
A bowling delivery aimed at the head area of the batsman.

Beaten
Beaten is a term used when a batsman attempts to strike the ball with the bat and fails to contact it. He is said to have been "beaten" by either the pace or skill of the delivery.

Bite / Grip
The amount of turn a spin bowler can obtain from the surface of the pitch.

Block
The block is a all out defensive shot that a batsman plays to protect his wicket.

Bouncer
Bowling deliveries of fast pace and pitched short with the purpose of rising to around chest height when arriving at the batsman.

Boundary
Denotes the outer limit of the playing area. Also used to describe a stroke by the batsman, which immediately results in 4 runs.

Bowl
To deliver the ball in a manner determined to be legal by the umpire.

Bowler
Refers to a player who primarily excels at delivering a ball to a batsman or a player in the process of delivering the ball.

Bowling Machine
A mechanical device used to deliver the ball to a batsman. Can only be used during practice or training drills as a device to help a batsman improve his game against particular types of bowling.

Box
The protective device worn by male players to protect the "unmentionables".

Bump Ball
A ball that canons into the ground immediately after leaving the bat and to the appearance of fieldsmen and spectators looks to have come directly off the bat for a catch.

Bye
A run generally scored through any means other than being struck by the bat.

Call
Either a confirmation or refusal that a run should be taken by a batsman in order to alert his partner. Usually shouted as a "Yes" "No" or "Wait"

Cap
The peaked head dress normally worn by a team member and showing the colours and or team logo. A player is awarded the cap on their debut for the team.

Caught Behind
A ball caught by the wicketkeeper after being struck by the batsman.

Cherry (New)
Refers to a new ball because of its bright red cherry coloured appearance.

Chinaman
A delivery by a left arm spinner that when delivered to a right hand batsman appears as if it will spin from off to leg, however, spins in the opposite direction. Devised by a West Indian player of Chinese descent.

Chucker
A bowler who the umpire has determined, not to have delivered the ball in a legal manner.

Clean Bowled
When a batsman is beaten by a ball and subsequently dismissed through the stumps being broken.

Close
Refers to a declaration by the batting team of a closure to an innings or the end of the days play.

Crumble
Refers to the state of the pitch, usually late in a game after experiencing considerable wear. A spin bowler often favours a crumbling pitch, as it will allow the ball more bite and turn.

Cut
In batting, refers to a stroke played to the off side between the covers area and the wicketkeeper. In bowling, refers to the deviation of a delivery, caused by the bowler imparting varying types of spin on the ball. These type of deliveries are referred to as "cutters" either leg cutter or off cutter.

Deep
Refers to the farthest outfield. A fieldsman in the deep is either at or near the boundary edge.

Dig In
The act of a batsman ensuring he remains at the crease for a long period, rather than attack and risk his wicket by attempting to score frequent runs.

Drawing the Stumps
The physical act by an umpire of withdrawing the stumps from the pitch at the schedule intervals and at the close of the day's play.

Drinks
A refreshment break during a session of play where fluids are brought onto the ground.

Duck / Pair
A batsman is said to be out for a duck when they fail to score a single run in their innings. If a batsman fails to score in either of their innings then they are said to be out for a pair.

Edge
The outermost perimeter of the bat. Also refers to a ball only just struck by the edge of the bat by a batsman. Sometimes called a "snick".

Feather
A very faint edge of a ball by the batsman, aka a "snick".

Field
The ground or oval on which a match is played. Also refers to the placement of fieldsmen within the playing area.

Fieldsman
A player strategically placed within the field of play, with the object of stopping the batting team from scoring runs.

Fiery
A hostile, generally fast pace bowler, who bowls a succession of usually short pitched deliveries.

Finger Spin
A method used by a bowler to deliver a ball that will spin off the surface of a pitch. The spin on the ball is imparted with the use of a finger or the fingers.

Flat
Generally refers to the condition of a pitch, which has an even surface without much bounce.

Flight
The loop in the path of the ball after being bowled by the spin bowler into the breeze, which will cause it to drop sharply onto the pitch with the hope of deceiving the batsman.

Flipper
A delivery used by a leg spin bowler which presents to the batsman in a flatter and faster delivery to the normal leg spin delivery.

Follow On
The requirement by the fielding Captain for the batting team to immediately bat again after being dismissed during its first innings and not having met the total required.

Full Blooded
A batting stroke played with the full physical power of the batsman.

Full Toss
A bowling delivery that reaches the batsman without first having bounced on the pitch.

Gardening
The act of a batsman patting down with the tip of his bat, either loose areas of pitch or pieces of the playing surface that may have come apart through general ware.

Golden Duck
When the very first ball dismisses a batsman he faces without scoring.

Good Eye
The ability of a batsman to assess and sight a delivery much quicker than would normally occur a vital tool for the batsman to combat the many different types of deliveries in the bowler's armoury.

Good Length
A bowling delivery that pitches is such a position, it will confuse the batsman as to whether the ball should be played off the front or back foot.

Googly
This is a delivery by a right arm spin bowler, which to a right hand batsman appears as if it will spin from leg to off, however, spins in the opposite direction.

Groundsman
The person who prepares and maintains the pitch and playing field.

Grubber
A bowling delivery that stays very low after leaving the surface of the pitch.

Guard
The first thing any batsman does when he arrives at the wicket or a new bowler comes on is take guard, so that the batsman knows where he is standing in relation to the stumps.

Half Volley
A bowling delivery that pitches in such a position that the batsman is able to strike the ball almost immediately it leaves the surface of the pitch.

Hat Trick
When a bowler is able to manage 3 dismissals from 3 consecutive deliveries in the same match.

Hit Wicket
To strike and subsequently break the stumps by the batsman resulting in the batsman's dismissal.

Hook (Shot)
A batting stroke played to the on side as a result of a short-pitched delivery from the bowler.

Howzat
Also stated as "Hows That?" when the fielding side is appealing for a dismissal.

Infield
The grouping of fieldsman normally placed with 30-40 metres of the batsman.

Innings
The period of time spent batting by a team or individual.

In Swinger
A delivery from a bowler, which deviates from the leg side to the off side.

Jaffer
A slang term used to describe a delivery bowled so well by the bowler it is unplayable by the batsman.

Knock
A term used to describe the batting innings of an individual player.

Leg (Leg Side)
The part of the field that is behind the batsman when he faces the bowler when batting. Also known as the on side.

LBW - Leg Before Wicket
Better known as Leg Before Wicket a common method of dismissal where the ball when having been bowled would normally strike the stumps if not for the fact it strikes the batsman's leg first, based on certain circumstances.

Leg Break
A delivery from a spin bowler, which turns off the surface of the wicket from the leg side to the off side.

Leg Cutter
A delivery from a pace bowler that deviates from the leg side to the off side after leaving the surface of the pitch, generally used as a form of slower ball for a fast bowler.

Length
Used to describe the parts of the pitch where the ball either struck or would have struck prior to reaching the batsman.

Lofted (Lofted Shot)
A delivery struck in such a way it travels high in the air for some distance, a potentially risky shot if hit in the vicinity of a fielder.

Maiden
When applied to a bowler describes an over where no runs have been scored by the batsman from any delivery. For batsman, it refers to a maiden innings or maiden century etc.

Middle Order
Refers to the batting positions or batsmen numbered between 5 and 7.

Nets
Generally applied to any area where cricket is practised.

New Ball
Simply, a completely new ball yet to be used in play, or one, which has not been used for many overs.

Nightwatchman
A player sent into bat that generally bats down the bottom of the order, but is promoted up the order usually near the end of a days play when a wicket has fallen to protect the batsman and also to prevent the loss of another batsman before the end of play.

Non-Striker
A term used to describe the batsman waiting at the bowlers end.

Off (Side)
The area immediately to the front of the batsman when waiting for the bowler to deliver a ball.

Outfield
The part of the playing surface of the arena closest to the boundary.

Over
The set number of balls bowled by a bowler. An over consists of 6 balls. The umpire also calls the term "Over" when the bowler has completed his 6 balls.

Over the Wicket
Used to describe the bowling action of the bowler when the delivery arm follows through on the side closest to the stumps. The opposite term is around the wicket, which describes the bowling action of a bowler when the delivery arm follows through on the side furthest from the stumps.

Overthrow
Describes the extra runs scored when a ball is missed by the fielder or wicketkeeper when returned to the stumps by the fielder.

Pace (Bowling - Bowler)
Describes all types of bowling other than spin bowling. Can vary from medium to fast pace.

Pad
A protective device used to protect the legs of both batsmen and wicketkeepers from being struck by the ball.

Partnership
Refers to the batting performance by two particular batsmen whilst batting together during any particular innings. Or to the cumulative score made by two partnering batsmen.

Pick
In batting, refers to the ability of the batsman to visually observe the type of delivery about to be bowled by a bowler. In bowling, refers to a method adopted by bowlers to lift the seam of a cricket ball to gain an unfair advantage (cheat).

Pie Thrower
A slang term used to describe a bowler of poor quality.

Pitch
A term also used to describe the wicket where the batting and bowling is performed. Wickets must be 22 yards in length to comply with the Laws of Cricket.

Plumb
When a batsman is standing directly in the line of the stumps when the ball hits the pad.

Quickie
A term used to describe a bowler of fast pace.

Return
The throw by a fielder of the ball to either the wicketkeeper or the non-strikers end.

Run
The method of scoring during a game of cricket, when the two batsman run from one end of the pitch to the other.

Runner
A player dressed in full batting equipment called to act as the runner for an injured batsman. A runner is only permitted to run for the injured batsman, who is still required to face the bowling.

Run Out
A method of dismissing the batsman by disturbing the stumps before the batsman has made his ground and is within the batting crease.

Seam (Bowler - Bowling)
Refers to a bowler who can cause a ball to strike the pitch on the seam of the ball, thereby causing it to deviate in its delivery path prior to reaching the batsman.

Selectors
A group of officials appointed for the purpose of picking the players to represent a cricket team.

Session
Refers to a period of play during a cricket match. A day is made up by three sessions Morning (start-lunch), afternoon (lunch-tea) and evening (tea-close/stumps).

Sightscreen
A screen placed near the boundary behind the line of the bowlers arm in order to aid the batsman's sighting of the ball when bowled.

Silly
Refers to any fielding position that is located very close to the batsman, for obvious reasons that you would be silly to want to field there.

Sitter
Refers to a catch that would under normal circumstances be considered to be very easy.

Skipper
The Captain of a cricket team.

Sledge
To use either abusive or offensive words against an opponent, to unsettle the batsman from his game.

Slow Wicket
Describes a pitch is in such a physical state, it offers no advantage to a pace bowler, however, a considerable advantage to a spin bowler.

Sticks
A slang term used for the stumps.

Sticky Wicket
Describes a pitch, which although dry on the surface, has underlying soft patches. This type of wicket is generally a difficult playing surface for batsman as it can cause a ball to behave unpredictably.

Strike (Striker)
The name given to the batsman who is facing the bowler. The batsman is said to be "on strike".

Stumps
The three upright timber sticks at each end of the pitch. Sitting atop each set of stumps are two bails. A term also used to describe the end of a days play.

Sundries / Extras
Refers to any run scored by any means other than from the bat.

Tail
Generally refers to the last 4 batsmen on the batting side.

Test
A cricket match of International standard lasting for 5 days, named so due to the fact it is a Test of ability to win the match.

Textbook (Shot)
A batting stroke that is perfectly played just like the textbook/coaches teach.

Toe
Refers to the very bottom edge of the bat.

Toss
The toss of a coin is used to determine whether a particular team will initially bat or bowl to open a match.

Twelfth Man
An extra player chosen for a team to act as a substitute fieldsman in the event one is called for. The twelfth man is generally not permitted to bat or bowl.

Walk
Generally used by a batsman to indicate his acceptance of a dismissal without waiting for the decision of an umpire. It was once the usual practice, but is now very uncommon expect a select few who still wish to play the game in a sporting manner.

Wicket
This term has many different uses. It can refer to the batting and bowling area, a dismissal by a bowler is classed as a wicket also it is another name for the stumps. The pitch also can be called the wicket.

Wicket Maiden
An over in which the bowler has taken a wicket without a batsman scoring runs.

Yorker
A bowling delivery that generally passes under the bat near to a batsman's toes.
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