It crossed my mind the other day that modern democracies vary from ancient democracies in one significant way : Modern democracies are overwhelmingly party-based while ancient democracies were not.
In the world of party-based democracies, there is one serious philosophical flaw : policies often get dictated by party lines rather than the merit of the policies in itself. Often, if the parliament is dominated by two factions, they both usually take a 'contrarian' standpoint to each other. Obviously, its not the case in each and every policy passed but a significant portion of the policies get decieded in this fashion.
The party based politics also have one advantage over the individualistic parliaments of the ancient times ( where members were usually elected without affiliations to a party or a party platform) : the collective clout of a party dwarves that of any individual in economic (and thus logistical) terms.
It seems to me however, that the advantage of the party style politics are not in the benefit of the public system but rather simply a matter of the strong displacing the weak.
Would it be better if we returned to a non-party based parliamentary system ? And if so, how do we make it work logistically ?